Individuals at increased risk of acquiring HIV, such as key populations, in South Africa are not obtaining the services they need. The World Health Organization (WHO) has called for the implementation of strategies and activities that aim to improve uptake, availability, quality, and effectiveness of HIV interventions for key populations.  This needs to be implanted to improve and maintain providers’ attitudes, knowledge, and skills. Health care workers should be given the necessary resources, training, and support to provide services to key populations. Health care providers should be held accountable when they fail to meet standards based on professional ethics and internationally agreed human rights principles. The goal of this training is to educate and equip everyone working in public health facilities with the knowledge and skills to enable them to provide health services that support and adequately cater for the unique healthcare needs of those at greatest risk of HIV.

Who Should Enrol

All facility based staff who will encounter Key Population clients during their service delivery, including DOH, Implementing Partners and DSP's

Course Content

There are 5 modules in this course: 

Module 1: 0verview of key populations

Module 2: Gender and sex

Module 3: Risk assessment

Module 4: Population specific considerations

Module 5: Towards tailored key population services

Learning Outcomes

Once you have completed all the learning activities for this course, you should be able to:

  • Discuss key populations and discriminatory behaviours.
  • Define and understand the different sexual orientations and gender identities.
  • Describe the importance of risk assessment and clinical history taking.
  • Identify and describe the barriers key populations face when seeking health services.
  • Explain how to adapt the facility to provide key population-friendly services.


“This training was supported by Cooperative Agreement Number GH001932-05 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Department of Health and Human Services, or the U.S. government.”


For more information or to register, please contact

FPD Nursing Education Unit


Tel: 012 110 4080/ 087 821 1109

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